The Effects of PG and PG13 Movies
The team??™s research design is to randomly select two PG and two PG-13 movies and record the number of sexual content and violence occurred in each movie. Then, we observe and compare the numbers recorded of each movie. The point of our social research is to explain that sexual content and violence has been cause of incivility among the youth. Thus, our hypothesis indicates that the higher the rate of sexual content and violence in the media (X), the higher incivility among children (Y). Whereas, X indicates the independent variable and Y indicates the response variable.
Additionally, in order to do our research on sexual content and violence, we will explore other literatures that have been published about this particular topic and see what other researchers have observed about this study. The following are our reseasources:
(Just type in the authors and the book, journals, or articles they??™ve written about this particular topic and give a little summary of each one.)
According to the Motion Picture Association of Americas film-rating system, PG movies suggest parental guidance. MPAA expand this further by stating:
Some Material May Not Be Suitable For Children??¦the PG rating indicates, in the view of the Rating Board, that parents may consider some material unsuitable for their children, and parents should make that decision. The more mature themes in some PG-rated motion pictures may call for parental guidance. There may be some profanity and some depictions of violence or brief nudity. But these elements are not deemed as intense as to require that parents be strongly cautioned beyond the suggestion of parental guidance. There is no drug use content in a PG-rated motion picture. 
The above statement is stating that the parental guidance is suggested because some material may not be suitable for children. Additionally, there is no sexual or drug use content. However, there may be some profanity and violence portrayed.
On the other hand, according to the Motion Picture Association of Americas film-rating system, PG-13 movies require that parents are strongly cautioned. This is because some material may be inappropriate for children under thirteen. MPAA expands this by stating:
A PG-13 rating is a sterner warning by the Rating Board to parents to determine whether their children under age 13 should view the motion picture, as some material might not be suited for them. A PG-13 motion picture may go beyond the PG rating in theme, violence, nudity, sensuality, language, adult activities or other elements, but does not reach the restricted R category. The theme of the motion picture by itself will not result in a rating greater than PG-13, although depictions of activities related to a mature theme may result in a restricted rating for the motion picture. Any drug use will initially require at least a PG-13 rating. More than brief nudity will require at least a PG-13 rating, but such nudity in a PG-13 rated motion picture generally will not be sexually oriented. There may be depictions of violence in a PG-13 movie, but generally not both realistic and extreme or persistent violence. A motion picture??™s single use of one of the harsher sexually-derived words, though only as an expletive, initially requires at least a PG-13 rating. More than one such expletive requires an R rating, as must even one of those words used in a sexual context. The Rating Board nevertheless may rate such a motion picture PG-13 if, based on a special vote by a two-thirds majority, the Raters feel that most American parents would believe that a PG-13 rating is appropriate because of the context or manner in which the words are used or because the use of those words in the motion picture is inconspicuous. 
The above statement is stating that some material may be inappropriate for children under thirteen. This is because PG-13 movies typically portray violence, nudity, sensuality, language, and adult activities, such as drugs. However, the nudity in a PG-13 movie generally will not be sexually oriented.
Overall, the point of our social research is to inform people that sexual content and violence is the result of incivility among children. Our hypothesis is that the higher the rate of sexual content and violence in the media (X), the higher incivility among children (Y). Whereas, X indicates the independent variable and Y indicates the response variable. The team expects this relationship because today??™s socialization is television and mass media, which has become the dominant force in molding our minds. Many children have watched over thousands of sexual content and violence on TV and of course adults have watched many more. As a result, we have our thoughts and behavior structured based on what we see on TV and movie images, it is only natural that our behavior in society mirrors our thoughts. In other words, civilization tends to collapse as children and adults watch more and more sexual content and violence portrayed in the media. Additionally, we can conclude the following from the previous research that has been done on this particular topic:
(Re-phrase the summary of each books, article, or journals and what the author has to say)
1. “What Each Rating Means.” Motion Picture Association of America. Web. 13 Oct. 2011.